Chadian editor sentenced to three years in prison

first_img ChadAfrica Condemning abuses ImprisonedJudicial harassmentViolence Help by sharing this information RSF regards the sentence imposed by the court – which also included an exorbitant fine of 3,140 euros and damages of 31,400 euros, to be paid jointly by him and his co-defendant,  Abderamane Boukar Koyon, the editor of the satirical newspaper Le Moustik – as iniquitous and politically motivated. Martin Inoua, directeur de publication de Salam Info. Crédit : Africanews Reports Chadian radio stations on strike in protest against violent raid Reporters Without Borders (RSF) is appalled by the three-year jail sentence that Martin Inoua, the editor of the quarterly Salama Info, received yesterday from an N’Djamena court on a new criminal charge after being held since 16 August on a charge of defamation. December 1, 2020 Find out more Receive email alerts The court did not pass any prison sentence on Koyon, who like Inoua, had been detained since 16 August on a charge of defamation, although defamation is only punishable by imprisonment in Chad in cases of incitement of hatred of violence. The case was the result of a defamation suit by former health minister Toupta Boguéna in connection with their coverage of the sexual assault charges brought against her by her niece. Their lawyers say they intend to appeal. Press freedom violations are common in Chad. It holds sub-Saharan Africa’s record for restricting access to social networks, which were blocked in March 2018 and were restored just two months ago by President Idriss Déby Itno. ChadAfrica Condemning abuses ImprisonedJudicial harassmentViolence Inoua is known for criticizing corruption in his articles and the authorities often target his quarterly. The regulatory authorities suspended it for three months in July for “breaches of ethics and professionalism.” to go further Follow the news on Chadcenter_img September 24, 2019 Chadian editor sentenced to three years in prison Chad is ranked 122nd out of 180 countries in RSF’s 2019 World Press Freedom Index. RSF has also learned that Inoua was assaulted on Sunday evening in N’Djamena’s Amsinéné prison although it has not yet been possible to establish the circumstances of the attack. Several witnesses said one of his eyes was very swollen when he appeared in court yesterday morning. Both journalists were finally convicted on the new charge of “association for the purpose of computer crime” as well as “false accusations”. November 27, 2020 Find out more News “After Martin Inoua was detained provisionally for defamation, which is not punishable by imprisonment, and after the charges were changed in mid-trial with the sole aim of imposing a heavier punishment, this extremely harsh sentence suggests a political motivation,” said Arnaud Froger, the head of RSF’s Africa desk. “It is hard not to see this as an orchestrated reprisal against a journalist critical of the government. We call on the Chadian authorities to free him without delay.” October 7, 2020 Find out more Many historic publications threatened with closure in Chad News RSF_en News The 2020 pandemic has challenged press freedom in Africa Organisation last_img read more

Grocer Gold Awards 2019: the finalists

first_imgSME Brand of the YearBio-tiful DairyChilds FarmFulfil Protein and Vitamin BarsPropercornWow Food & Drinks Technology Supplier of the YearEpos NowHappenPayPointRelex SolutionsUbamarket Concession of the YearCOOK – COOK TradingSkwishee – Eros RetailSushi Daily – KellyDeliUnearthed – Winterbotham Darby & Co Independent Retail Chain of the YearCOOKEros RetailFraser’s RetailJempsonsMcBride Retail Group Waste Not Want Not AwardChristmas Donation Scheme – Aldi UKChanging Mindsets – Company ShopSecond Nature Sustainability Project – CranswickNo time for waste – Tesco Entrepreneur of the YearCarl Saxton – WholegoodDenis Lynn – Finnebrogue ArtisanJulian Hearn – Huel Steve Perez – Global Brands Theadora Alexander & Chris Green – Young Foodies The Grocer of the YearAldi UKCo-opLidlMorrisonsOcadoTesco Exporter of the YearAtom BrandsMr Lee’s Pure Foods Co.SmyliesThe Whisky Exchange Green Initiative of the YearPlastic bottles to paper-based cartons – The a2 Milk CompanyCarbon Neutral by 2020 – Aldi UKBiodegradable capsules – Lost Sheep CoffeePlastic Free Zones – Thornton’s Budgens After weeks scrutinising hundreds of entries across 22 categories, our expert judges have picked the final shortlist for The Grocer Gold Awards 2019. The shortlist is below. The winners will be announced at a sparkling ceremony at London’s Guildhall on 11 June. To book tickets click here.,Brand of the YearAlpro – AlproBirds Eye – NomadMini Babybel® – Bel UKMr Kipling – Premier FoodsZoflora – Planet Zeus Wholesaler of the YearBestway WholesaleBidfoodBookerHenderson FoodserviceRead more: all the winners from The Grocer Gold Awards 2018 Online Supermarket of the YearAsdaIcelandOcadoTescocenter_img Employer of the YearAldi UKBelazu Ingredient CompanyHenderson FoodserviceWeetabix Food Company NEW Specialist WholesalerSurya FoodsTime Wholesale ServicesWholegood Start-up of the YearBritish Herb KitchenFreaks of NaturePunchy DrinksSkwishee – Eros RetailThe Turmeric Co. Business Initiative of the YearFlagship Store Programme – AF Blakemore & SonGet Set to Eat Fresh – Aldi UKDriving awareness of Taylors of Harrogate coffee capsules – Capture AgencyCloser to where you are – Co-op Logistics Supplier of the YearBestway Vans DirectFowler WelchLogistics Reply & M&SPladis Logistics Drinks Brand of the YearBud Light – AB InBevCoca-Cola – Coca-Cola European PartnersHeineken 0.0 – HeinekenDoom Bar – Molson Coors Brewing CompanyThatchers Cider – Thatchers Cider Company Store Manager of the YearSteven Moyes, Asda LivingstonJason Nicholson, Morrisons West KirbyLindsey Cole, Sainsbury’s BristolKeith Davis, Tesco Crieff Road, PerthDickie Danby, Waitrose Chester Symbol/Franchise Convenience Retailer of the YearBest-oneBudgensLondisOne Stop FranchisePremier Specialist Online Retailer of the YearFarmison & CoHuelMindful ChefMusclefoodThe Whisky Exchange Consumer Initiative of the YearBringing Back Captain Birds Eye – Birds EyeBudweiser 2018 FIFA World Cup Sponsorship – AB InBevCo-op Music Festival Pop Up Shops 2018 – Co-opFresh Boxes – LidlCadbury Glass and a Half in Everyone – Mondelez Internationallast_img read more

BHS Alumni Returns

first_imgWelcome back to Batesville, Jacob Garvin.  Jacob was a late 2001 graduate of Batesville High School, and he has returned to town as the Wellness Director at the Southeastern Indiana Y.  Jacob and his family have been living in Iowa the last several years.  His family owned a fitness center for several years, and worked with the local schools to help with training.  He then found out that there was a position back in Batesville that he felt would be a good  fit for him.While Jacob was a student at Batesville, he was a member of a very successful basketball team..  He also participated in other sports.  I got to know him as a member of the track team.  He is a very outgoing person and will be welcomed in his new position at the Y.  Glad you have you back, Jacob!last_img read more

John set to defend Ricks & Sari/Reagan Rodrigues Cycling title on Sunday

first_imgCOME Sunday, the 15th annual Ricks and Sari/Reagan Rodrigues Memorial cycling road race will pedal off on the roadways of West Demerara, and defending champion, Team Coco’s cyclist Jamual John, will have his hands full with Guyana’s leading cyclists gunning for his title.The event, which is organised by National cycling coach Hassan Mohamed, will begin at Schoonord, head to Bushy Park and back to the point of origin for the finish, a route that spans 46 miles.John, who is now getting into his stride, won last year’s senior category in a time of one hour 41 minutes 38 seconds. Adealie Hodge is the defending Junior champion and Paul Cho-Wee-Nam will also be looking to retain his title in the veteran category. Julio Melville was last year’s Mountain Bike category winner.Prizes to be distributed include 8 prime (sprint) prizes while the top six riders in the senior category and the top three in the Junior, Veteran, Mountain Bike and Female categories will receive prizes. There will also be a prize for the oldest rider.The late Rodrigues was born on February 21, 1948 and passed away on August 4, 2004. During his lifetime he served as the president of Carlton Wheelers Cycling Club and was also a champion race car driver.last_img read more

Benin suspended from global football by Fifa

first_imgFifa has suspended the Benin Football Federation (FBF) from global football after a court ruling in the country blocked upcoming elections.A statement from football’s world governing body said: “The Benin Football Association (FBF) was suspended with immediate effect due to a recent injunction by a local judicial court which impeded the holding of the due election.”It means Benin are set to miss June’s 2017 Africa Cup of Nations qualifier against Equatorial Guinea.The decision was made at the inaugural Fifa Council meeting, which is being held in Mexico.A court ruling in Benin on 4 May prevented the FBF from holding presidential elections and the suspension will be lifted only once a new Executive Committee has been installed.Benin are currently second in Group C, two points behind group leaders Mali. The Squirrels are due to host Equatorial Guinea on the weekend of 3-5 June and then travel to face Mali in September.Only the group winners guaranteed a place at the 2017 finals in Gabon.The Fifa Council meeting also ratified a recent of the decision of the bureau of the Council to appoint a normalisation committee to run the daily affairs of the Guinea Football Federation. –Follow Joy Sports on Twitter: @JoySportsGH. Our hashtag is #JoySportslast_img read more

Zanna scores 18, Pittsburgh routs Colorado 77-48

first_imgColorado guard Askia Booker (0) goes for the basket as Pittsburgh forward Talib Zanna (42) defends during the first half in a second-round game in the NCAA college basketball tournament Thursday, March 20, 2014, in Orlando, Fla. (AP Photo/Phelan M. Ebenhack)ORLANDO, Fla. (AP) – Talib Zanna scored 16 of his 18 points in the opening half, helping Pittsburgh build a 28-point on the way to a 77-48 rout of Colorado in the second round of the NCAA tournament on Thursday.The Panthers (26-9), seeded ninth in the South Region, shot 51 percent and played stifling defense in advancing to a third-round matchup Saturday against either No. 1 seed Florida or No. 16 seed Albany.Colorado (23-12) was eager to make amends for an early exit from the tournament a year ago, but had no answers for the 6-foot-9 Zanna. The Pitt center made six of seven shots in the first half, and the Panthers didn’t have any difficulty finishing off the overwhelmed Buffaloes.Josh Scott led the eighth-seeded Buffaloes with 14 points, however Colorado couldn’t overcome a subpar performance from Askia Booker.last_img read more

Wonderwood Park Playground Equipment Installation Begins July 15

first_imgFacebook98Tweet0Pin0Submitted by City of LaceyA contractor for the City of Lacey will begin installing new playground equipment at Wonderwood Park on Monday, July 15. During construction, visitors will not have access to the two playground areas in the park. The City expects the project to last two weeks.In May, the City asked the community to help select the new playground equipment that will replace Wonderwood Park’s current playground equipment, the oldest in the City’s inventory. The upgraded equipment includes features such as balancing and climbing structures, musical amenities, access ramps, and more.For more information, contact Jennifer Burbidge, Director of Parks & Recreation at [email protected] or 360-491-0857.last_img read more

Patriots return on high

first_imgThat 28-20 loss on Oct. 16 dropped the Patriots to 3-3 and included an uncharacteristic late failure by Tom Brady, who threw three straight incomplete passes with the Broncos leading by those eight points. “We made some improvements,” Brady said Monday. “We got some guys healthy, which has helped, and I think there has been more consistency in all phases of the game.” Linebacker Tedy Bruschi missed the Jacksonville game with a left calf injury and could play at Denver. He also missed the first game against the Broncos, the Patriots’ sixth of the season, then returned for the next game from a mild stroke suffered last February. Still, the Patriots are much healthier than they were the last time they faced the Broncos (13-3). Defensive end Richard Seymour and running backs Corey Dillon and Kevin Faulk missed that game but are back. The secondary is still missing safety Rodney Harrison, sidelined for the season, but is much more stable and productive. “It is playoff time and we had to take it to another level,” Samuel said That’s what makes the Patriots scary to the other three teams left in the AFC playoffs. That approach helped them win three of the past four Super Bowls. A win in Denver would leave them two victories shy of becoming the first team to win three consecutive Super Bowls. They even could be back home for the AFC championship game if they win and Pittsburgh beats Indianapolis on Sunday. 160Want local news?Sign up for the Localist and stay informed Something went wrong. Please try again.subscribeCongratulations! You’re all set! FOXBOROUGH, Mass. – The last time the New England Patriots visited Denver, they were battered by injuries and beaten by the Broncos. Three months later, on Saturday night, they return with a healthier team, a stingier defense and an NFL record of 10 consecutive playoff victories. center_img New England trailed the Broncos 28-3 midway through the third quarter of that game after allowing completions of 72 and 55 yards and a run of 68 yards. They led to three touchdowns. But in their 11 games since then, they’ve allowed just four plays longer than 50 yards. Last Saturday night, the Patriots (11-6) came up with big plays of their own and beat Jacksonville, 28-3. They scored on a 63-yard pass play from Brady to Benjamin Watson and a 73-yard interception return by Asante Samuel. Wide receiver Troy Brown, sidelined for the Denver game, also scored a touchdown against the Jaguars. “There are things we need to improve on and get better by next week,” Brown said, “because it doesn’t get any easier from here.” last_img read more

SA consumers help rebuild fish stocks

first_imgSouth Africa’s fish stocks are recovering, thanks to the vigilance of consumers, the effectiveness of programmes such as SASSI, and the cooperation of the fishing industry. (Image: Janine Erasmus) Thanks to South African consumers, the demand for over-exploited fish stocks is declining.Increasing consumer pressure on seafood retailers to stock sustainably harvested fish and support eco-friendly fishing methods have caused stocks of species such as kingklip to show signs of recovery.The Southern African Sustainable Seafood Initiative (SASSI) was launched six years ago to involve the entire seafood supply chain, including consumers, in creating a sustainable seafood industry.Today this initiative has proven to be a highly successful South African consumer campaign. The ocean has often been viewed as an “infinite resource”, but buy-in from the public is helping to correct this perception.Janine Basson from the Sustainable Fisheries Programme (SFP): Fisher and Consumer Outreach, says the SASSI programme has been so successful to date because consumers feel empowered. Their choices can drive positive change towards the recovery of fish stocks.“Consumers are given the opportunity to make informed choices when choosing which seafood to buy and eat. People want to be part of the solution to overfishing, and SASSI is a tool that allows them to do that,” Basson says.There are other seafood campaigns globally that are doing similar work. However, Basson says the major difference is that other international programmes do not partner with seafood industry players, whereas the World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF) South Africa is partnering with industry. This is a key strength of the programme.Finding solutions togetherA number of programmes are jointly finding solutions to the problem of overfishing and declining fish stocks. The SFP forms part of the WWF Sanlam Living Waters partnership, an initiative to promote marine conservation in South Africa.The SFP works across the seafood supply chain to address ecosystem overexploitation. It contributes to two of the partnership’s targets for the marine sector – firstly, to apply an ecosystem approach to fisheries in South Africa and reduce the impacts of destructive fishing practices to acceptable levels.Its other goal is to restore at least half of over-exploited fish stocks to sustainably managed levels, while still maintaining or improving the state of other stocks.The SFP aims to meet these targets through activities that focus on how fish are caught and traded. The Responsible Fisheries Programme works directly with the fishing industry and resource management and addresses how fish are caught. SASSI focuses on the trading aspect, which involves retailers, restaurants, chefs and consumers.Consumers are asking the right questionsDr Samantha Petersen, project manager of the SFP, said in a statement that consumers must continue asking restaurants and retailers if they serve or sell sustainably harvested fish and seafood.Some fishing and seafood farming methods pose more harm to the environment than others. For instance, Basson says, line- or pole-caught methods are relatively selective and don’t kill unintended species such as seabirds and sharks.Although some forms of seafood farming can reduce pressure on overexploited wild stocks, this is only the case if wild fish don’t have to be fed to farmed fish, or if the production method doesn’t further degrade the environment.Consumers must not hesitate to ask in-depth questions about seafood and find out what they are buying or eating, where it comes from and how it was caught. Research indicates that positive changes at sea have predominantly resulted from consumer queries.“One consumer who asks questions about the sustainability of their seafood is likely to have a bigger influence than 100 who simply make a green choice without telling the restaurant or retailer why,” Basson says.Major success has also been achieved with SASSI’s progressive consumer tools. The SASSI Consumer Pocket Guide, originally drafted in 2005, uses a three-level colour classification to rate fish. Green indicates best choice while orange suggests caution and red means the species is illegal or classified as a “no sale species”.Certain species such as tuna were categorised in the green group, but this did not take the fishing method into account. The original red group only included the species that are prohibited from being sold by law.The new and updated SASSI list includes a revision of a number of species included on the original list. The new red group lists unsustainable species along with those that are illegal to sell in South Africa.Basson says the original list excluded important imported and aquaculture species, but the updated version includes a selection of these species.“This was becoming an increasingly pressing need due to the growing South African aquaculture industry,” she says.The pocket-sized version of the SASSI list may be downloaded (PDF, 1.25MB)The SASSI programme’s prominent online presence has also made it easy for consumers to participate. Consumers can obtain the most up-to-date information at any time on the SASSI website, FishMS and mobi site. The FishMS service allows consumers to access the SASSI seafood database from any mobile phone. Consumers can send a text message to the number 079 499 8795 to find out whether a particular species is on the red, orange or green list.According to Petersen the response from wholesalers and retailers to consumer pressure has also been encouraging. A growing number of participants at this end of the value chain are actively involved with the SFP. Quarterly assessments are carried out with each partner to evaluate their seafood procurement process and raise awareness amongst staff.The programme is working with 11 of the biggest seafood suppliers in South Africa (such as Aquatic Foods and Fish On Line), the large retailers (Pick n Pay, Woolworths, Spar) and popular restaurant chains such as John Dory’s and Ocean Basket.  Offshore and inshore commercial industry players, such as I&J and Sea Harvest, are also involved.Fish stocks are recoveringPetersen said in a statement that kingklip stocks almost collapsed a few years ago. However, because of consumer pressure many restaurants stopped offering it on the menu and retailers no longer kept it in stock.  Catch limits were also introduced and the kingklip spawning site near Port Elizabeth in the Eastern Cape was placed under protection. “I really hope to see kingklip on the green list one day soon.”Basson says that some of South Africa’s linefish species are also showing signs of recovery. For example, red roman, a member of the seabream family, is a popular linefish species that is endemic to Southern Africa. It is a reef-associated species with a relatively narrow distribution from Namibia to the Eastern Cape.She says it is a slow growth species – a 40cm fish could be as old as 40 years. They achieve late sexual maturity and change sex from female to male as they mature. These factors make them highly vulnerable to overfishing.Red roman stocks are in urgent need of rebuilding as they have almost disappeared in some areas such as False Bay on the southern Cape coast.However, she says that there is evidence of recovery within Marine Protected Areas (MPA) along the coast. Research has shown a 90% increase in catches of red roman within the Goukamma MPA. Goukamma is situated on the Garden Route on the Cape South Coast. The exclusion of fishing boats from Goukamma has also been beneficial.“Although much remains to be done to get the red roman stock back to its former glory, this still indicates the tremendous value of MPAs in rebuilding the breeding stock of important over-exploited linefish species,” says Basson.SA consumers are more environment awareConsumers are becoming more aware of issues affecting the environment.“South African consumers are one of the main reasons why SASSI has been so successful and why we have seen some of our fish species recover,” Basson says.Another success story is that of the South African hake trawl fishery. Significant progress has been made in the management of the hake resource, as a result of both Marine Stewardship Council certification and consumer pressure. If consumers continue to ask questions, it will have major positive impacts for the entire seafood industry.last_img read more

Ingrid Jonker – the child is not dead

first_imgThe memory of poet Ingrid Jonker lives on in South Africa. She inspired Nelson Mandela to quote her poem in his inauguration speech and she posthumously received the Order of Ikhamanga for her contribution to literature and commitment to the struggle for human rights. Her work is loved around the world.Ingrid Jonker was an attractive and sensual woman who had tumultuous relationships with men. (Image: Detail of the cover of Ingrid Jonker: Black Butterflies, Selected Poems, translated by André Brink and Antjie Krog. Photo by Desmond Windell)Lucille DavieSuch was the impact of poet Ingrid Jonker that decades after her death in 1965, the late Nelson Mandela read her poem, The Child who Was Shot Dead by Soldiers at Nyanga, at the opening of the first democratic Parliament on 24 May 1994.“The time will come when our nation will honour the memory of all the sons, the daughters, the mothers, the fathers, the youth and the children who, by their thoughts and deeds, gave us the right to assert with pride that we are South Africans, that we are Africans and that we are citizens of the world,” he said 20 years ago.“The certainties that come with age tell me that among these we shall find an Afrikaner woman who transcended a particular experience and became a South African, an African and a citizen of the world. Her name is Ingrid Jonker. She was both a poet and a South African. She was both an Afrikaner and an African. She was both an artist and a human being.”She had written the poem following a visit to the Philippi police station to see the body of a child who had been shot dead in his mother’s arms by the police in the township of Nyanga in Cape Town. It happened in the aftermath of the massacre of 69 people in Sharpeville, south of Johannesburg, in March 1960. They were marching to the police station to protest against having to carry passbooks.The third and fourth verses of the poem read:The child is not deadneither at Langa nor at Nyanganor at Orlando nor at Sharpevillenor at the police station in Philippiwhere he lies with a bullet in his headThe child is the shadow of the soldiersOn guard with guns saracens and batonsthe child is present at all meetings and legislationsthe child peeps through the windows of houses and into the hearts of mothersthe child who just wanted to play in the sun at Nyanga is everywherethe child who became a man treks through all of Africathe child who became a giant travels through the whole worldWithout a pass*Writing in Drum magazine about the poem, Jonker said: “I saw the mother as every mother in the world. I saw her as myself. I saw Simone [Jonker’s own child] as the baby. I could not sleep. I thought of what the child might have been had he been allowed to live. I thought what could be reached, what could gained by death? The child wanted no part in the circumstances in which our country is grasped… He only wanted to play in the sun at Nyanga… [The poem] grew out of my sense of bereavement.”She sent it to several local Afrikaans newspapers for publication, but it was rejected. The Child was eventually published in Contrast magazine, and reprinted in the Netherlands, where Jonker still has a big following. It was translated into several languages, including Hindi, writes Louise Viljoen in A Jacana Pocket Biography of Ingrid Jonker. It was also translated into English and isiZulu and published in Drum, reaching a broader audience.Cape childhoodJonker was born in 1933 in Douglas in Northern Cape. Shortly before her birth her mother, Beatrice Cilliers, left her father, Abraham, because he had accused her of being unfaithful, and that the unborn child was not his. It was the start of a tumultuous and troubled relationship first with her father and then with other men in her life.She and her sister, Anna, were brought up by her mother and grandmother in the small coastal town of Gordon’s Bay, across False Bay from Cape Town. “The girls played on the beach and in the sea like two small otters, or buried themselves in the fantasy world of books, or spent hours gathering and then hiding ‘secrets’ in the pine forest,” writes Andre Brink in Ingrid Jonker, Black Butterflies, Selected Poems, in which he and poet Antjie Krog translated a selection of her poems. Brink, an internationally renowned Afrikaans novelist who has had his novels translated into some 33 languages, was one of Jonker’s lovers.Her mother suffered from nervous breakdowns and was institutionalised. In 1943, when Jonker was 11 years old, her mother died of cancer. Leaving their beloved grandmother, the two sisters were forced to live with their father. A year later she lost the second important woman in her life – her grandmother passed away in 1945.Her father had by now married again and had two children. The sisters had to adjust to a very different life with their father, who made it clear to Jonker that he did not approve of her. He was a disciplinarian and a National Party member of parliament, who was later appointed chairman of the parliamentary select committee for censorship laws on art and publications. His daughter opposed censorship, leading to clashes between them. At one point, he reportedly claimed in Parliament that she was not his daughter.OntvlugtingBy now Jonker had already begun to write poetry, encouraged by a teacher, but her father refused to acknowledge her talent. At high school she published a series of poems in the local school magazine, encouraged by a teacher. She left home as soon as she matriculated and went to work for several publishers in Cape Town, copy editing and proofreading. At the age of 23 she published her first volume of poetry, appropriately called Ontvlugting, or “escape”. She dedicated the volume to her father, but his reaction, according to Brink, was rejection before he had even opened the first page: “My child, I hope there’s more to it than the covers. I’ll look at it tonight to see how you have disgraced me.”Himself a writer, Abraham Jonker was well-educated and had been a journalist before going into politics. He had published several novels and volumes of short stories – perhaps this was one of the reasons she longed to have his approval of her writing.An attractive and sensual woman, Jonker began to mix with a Bohemian group of poets and writers, including Uys Krige, Breyten Breytenbach, Jan Rabie, and coloured poet Adam Small and others. It was a progressive group of Afrikaans writers who became known as the Sestigers. In 1956 she married one of them, Piet Venter. Within a year she had given birth to her only child, Simone. But the marriage broke up, and after living with Venter in Johannesburg for a while, she moved back to Cape Town with Simone, where she felt more at home.She met the writer Jack Cope, a divorcee 20 years her senior, and fell pregnant with his child. According to Brink, when she told Cope she was pregnant, he responded: “What are you going to do about it?” She had an abortion, but their relationship cooled. At this point she met Brink, with whom she had an instant rapport.Rook en OkerDuring this tumultuous time, in 1963, she published her second anthology, Rook en Oker, or “smoke and ochre”. In 1964, she won the Afrikaanse Pers-Boekhandel prize for the anthology, and decided to spend her prize money travelling in Europe. She spent time in Amsterdam and Paris, from where she wrote to both her lovers, Brink and Cope.Brink joined her in Amsterdam, but their relationship was already winding down. “Time and time again we would break up, sometimes with a whimper, often with a bang. Time and time again we would dive back into the love that beckoned like a dark and dangerous current. It could not possibly last,” he writes.It didn’t. Jonker appeared to be on a self-destructive roller coaster, unable to stop herself. As a teenager she had first spoken of suicide; on several occasions throughout her life she would stop midway in a conversation with friends, and ask: “Do you think I will commit suicide one day?” It was a premonition she obviously felt strongly throughout her short life.Her last months appeared to slip and slide out of control, with her spending time in the same mental institution in which her mother had been confined. Brink records: “There are confusing and conflicting reports about the last few months. About several heady affairs, surrounding the central relationship with the painter. About one or more abortions. About ruptures with friends. About an accident in which she broke her leg. About terrible financial straits.”‘I can no longer go on living like this’Jonker had been treated for depression for several years, exacerbated by her break up with Brink and rejection by Cope.Viljoen writes: “Periods of elfin charm and emotional calm alternated with bouts of extreme anxiety and tension, which led to drinking and an excessive use of medication. Generosity and loyalty towards her friends alternated with selfishness and a childish need for attention and affirmation.”In April 1965, she wrote a letter to Cope, with whom she had remained friends: “I can no longer go on living like this, and by the time this reaches you, it will be no good to search for me. I am not threatening you, this is the sum total of my desperation.”Viljoen records that her cries for help were met “either with incomprehension or indifference”. Her sister, Anna, recalls that Ingrid phoned her father to suggest they take a holiday together. “Apparently his response was that he would buy her a one-way ticket to Valkenberg [the state psychiatric hospital in Cape Town].”In the early hours of 19 July 1965, at the age of 31, Jonker walked into the sea at Three Anchor Bay in Cape Town, and drowned. Her friends reeled in shock and wanted to read tributes and poems at her funeral. But her father threatened them with legal action if they even spoke at her graveside, recount Lauren Segal and Paul Holden in their 2008 book, Great Lives, Pivotal Moments. Instead they stood opposite the family, listening to a Dutch Reformed minister talk of Jonker as a “young housewife”.A week later they organised a second funeral, when they met at the grave again and read her poems. At this memorial, the Ingrid Jonker Prize for debut poets was created. It is still awarded.Jonker retained a vulnerable, child-like quality throughout her life, seeking approval and acceptance from her father, which probably accounts for the broken relationships with the other men in her life. After her death, her father’s health deteriorated and he died of an aneurism barely six months later.A year after her death, Cope and Anna Jonker published an anthology of her unpublished poems, entitled Tilting Sun. Jonker had also written a play, A Son after My Heart, and several short stories.Her poems have been translated into German, French, Dutch, Polish, Hindi and isiZulu, among other languages. In 2004, she was awarded the Order of Ikhamanga for “her excellent contribution to literature and a commitment to the struggle for human rights and democracy in South Africa”.* From the translation by Andre Brink and Antjie Krog in Black ButterfliesWould you like to use this article in your publication or on your website? See Using Brand South Africa material.last_img read more